Set about 18 miles (30 km) south of Cairo, Saqqara (Sakkara) was the burial site for the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis, now in ruins. The site features a small sphinx, smaller than that at the Pyramids of Giza, and several pyramids, the most famous of which is the stepped pyramid of Djoser dating from 2650 BC, which represented a major advance in building techniques.
Another 16 kings also built their tombs at Saqqara, and the area was used as a burial site until well into Roman times. In 1979, UNESCO named the area a World Heritage site.
The best way to get to Saqqara is by guided tour or by hiring a private car.